Appearances 57
First appearance 1961
Best result 1st: 1968, 1969
Worst result Last: 1962, 1965, 1983, 1999, 2017

Spain has participated in the Eurovision Song Contest 58 times since making its debut in 1961, where they finished ninth. Since 1999, Spain is one of the "Big Five", along with France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom, who are automatically allowed to participate in the final because they are the five biggest financial contributors to the European Broadcasting Union. Spain has competed in the contest continuously since the country's debut in 1961. The only country with a longer run of uninterrupted Eurovision appearances is the United Kingdom, ever-present since 1959.

Spain has won the contest twice, first in 1968 with the song "La, la, la" sung by Massiel and again in 1969, when Salomé's "Vivo cantando" was involved in a four way tie with Lulu's "Boom Bang-a-Bang", representing the United Kingdom, Frida Boccara's "Un jour, un enfant", representing France, and Lennie Kuhr's "De troubadour"", representing the Netherlands. The 1969 contest in Madrid is the only time Spain has hosted the event, since lots were drawn after 1969's four way tie and the 1970 contest was hosted by the Netherlands. Spain has also finished second in the contest four times, with Karina in 1971, Mocedades in 1973, Betty Missiego in 1979 and Anabel Conde in 1995, and third in 1984 with Bravo. The country finished last with "Nul points" three times: in 1962, 1965 and 1983, and also finished last in 1999 and 2017. Spain has had less success in recent years, failing to reach the top 10 in 11 of the last 13 contests (2005–2017). The exceptions being 10th-place finishes for Pastora Soler in 2012 and Ruth Lorenzo in 2014.

Selection process

Spain has regularly changed the selection process used in order to find the country's entry for the contest, either a national final or internal selection (sometimes a combination of both formats) has been held by the broadcaster at the time. Between 1977 and 1999, Spain's entries were selected internally by TVE. Before that, internal selections and national contests, like Pasaporte a Dublín (Passport to Dublin) in 1971, were alternated.

From 2000, Spain has used various selection formats with different results. In 2000 and 2001, TVE organised a national final called Eurocanción (Eurosong), where the Spanish representative was selected for the contest.[2] From 2002 to 2004, the reality show Operación Triunfo (the Spanish version of Star Academy) was used to select the entry, a format that renewed the Spanish audience's interest in the contest[3] and brought three top 10 results in a row, until TVE decided not to host any further editions of the show. In 2005, the national final Eurovisión 2005: Elige nuestra canción (Eurovision 2005: Choose Our Song) was organised, where the audience chose their favourite song among a pre-selection made by TVE of unknown artists submitted to them by record labels. The result in the Eurovision final was not good and for 2006, the selection was made internally for the first time since 1999, with a similar result. In 2007, Spain's entry was decided through the Misión Eurovisión 2007 show, with a disappointing result once again.

From 2008 to 2010, the Internet was the key element of the competitions used by TVE to select the Spanish entry. In 2008, the social networking website MySpace was involved in the national final Salvemos Eurovisión (Let's Save Eurovision). A website was created to make it possible for anyone to upload a song and proceed to a televised final if chosen by online voters or an expert jury. The result improved a little, but not much; nevertheless the interest of the Spanish audience was revived again.[3] For 2009, MySpace was still involved in the selection process Eurovisión 2009: El retorno (Eurovision 2009: The Return), although some changes were introduced in the format.[4] The result was the worst in the 2000s (decade): 24th place. In 2010, a similar format, Eurovisión: Destino Oslo, selected the Spanish entry, with the best result since 2004 (15th).[5]

In 2011, Internet voting was scrapped from the new selection method Destino Eurovisión. After a further disappointing result (23rd), for 2012, TVE decided to approach an established act, Pastora Soler, and organise a national final to select her song.[6] A top ten result was achieved for the first time since 2004. The same procedure was repeated in 2013, with El Sueño de Morfeo as the established act, which turned out one of the most disappointing results (25th out of 26 entries) in the country's Eurovision history; some critics, however, blamed a less-than-stellar performance of an otherwise solid song.[7] In 2014, TVE decided to return to a multi-artist national final procedure, called Mira quién va a Eurovisión (Look who's going to Eurovision); five artists were invited to participate by TVE. A top ten result was achieved for the second time in three years.

In 2015, for the first time since 2006, both the artist, Edurne, and the song were selected internally by TVE. On 18 December 2015, TVE announced that it would organise a national final in order to select the Spanish entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 2016 as today.

Spain and the "Big Five"

Since 1999, four particular countries have automatically qualified for the Eurovision final, regardless of their positions on the scoreboard in previous Contests.[8] They earned this special status by being the four biggest financial contributors to the EBU. These countries are the United Kingdom, Germany, France and Spain. Due to their untouchable status in the Contest, these countries became known as the "Big Four". Italy returned to the contest in 2011, thus becoming part of a "Big Five".

Interrupted performances

Only three times in the contest's history has a non-winning entry been allowed to perform again, and in two of these instances, the entries in question were Spanish representatives (the other one being the Italian entry in 1958, "Nel blu dipinto di blu" by Domenico Modugno). The first time this happened to a Spanish representative was in the 1990 contest in Zagreb, when Azúcar Moreno opened the contest with the song "Bandido." The orchestra and the recorded playback began the song out of sync, which caused the singers to miss their cue. The singers left the stage after a few seconds, and no explanation was given at the time. After a few uneasy moments, the music began correctly and the song was performed in full. Azúcar Moreno and "Bandido" went on to place fifth in the final vote tally, though the juries at the time actually awarded their points after watching the dress rehearsal performances, so the restart did not affect Spain's overall result either positively or negatively.

Twenty years later, at the 2010 contest in Oslo, Spain was drawn to perform second in the running order, and singer Daniel Diges's performance of "Algo pequeñito" was disturbed by notorious pitch invader Jimmy Jump. However, Diges performed the song in full, despite the invader's intrusion and subsequent removal from the stage by security personnel, receiving warm applause for continuing from the spectators at the Telenor Arena. After the exhibition of Serbia, co-presenter Nadia Hasnaoui announced that, according to the rules, Diges would be given a second chance once all the remaining countries had performed. Nonetheless, the juries ranked the dress-rehearsal performance of "Algo pequeñito" 20th out of 25 with 43 points, whereas the televoting results ranked Spain 12th, with 106 points. The combination of jury and televote results gave Spain a 15th-place.


Year Performer(s) Language Song Final Points Semi Points
1961 Conchita Bautista Spanish "Estando contigo" 9 8
1962 Victor Balaguer Spanish "Llámame" 13 0
1963 José Guardiola Spanish "Algo prodigioso" 12 2
1964 Nelly, Tim & Tony Spanish "Caracola" 12 1
1965 Conchita Bautista Spanish "Qué bueno, qué bueno" 15 0
1966 Raphael Spanish "Yo soy aquél" 7 9
1967 "Hablemos del amor" 6 9
1968 Massiel Spanish "La, la, la" 1 29
1969 Salomé Spanish "Vivo cantando" 1 18
1970 Julio Iglesias Spanish "Gwendolyne" 4 8
1971 Karina Spanish "En un mundo nuevo" 2 116
1972 Jaime Morey Spanish "Amanece" 10 83
1973 Mocedades Spanish "Eres tú" 2 125
1974 Peret Spanish "Canta y sé feliz" 9 10
1975 Sergio y Estíbaliz Spanish "Tú volverás" 10 53
1976 Braulio Spanish "Sobran las palabras" 16 11
1977 Micky Spanish "Enséñame a cantar" 9 52
1978 José Vélez Spanish, French "Bailemos un vals" 9 65
1979 Betty Missiego Spanish "Su canción" 2 116
1980 Trigo Limpio Spanish "Quédate esta noche" 12 38
1981 Bacchelli Spanish "Y sólo tú" 14 38
1982 Lucía Spanish "Él" 10 52
1983 Remedios Amaya Spanish "¿Quién maneja mi barca?" 19 0
1984 Bravo Spanish "Lady, Lady" 3 106
1985 Paloma San Basilio Spanish "La fiesta terminó" 14 36
1986 Cadillac Spanish "Valentino" 10 51
1987 Patricia Kraus Spanish "No estás solo" 19 10
1988 La Década Prodigiosa Spanish "La chica que yo quiero" 11 58
1989 Nina Spanish "Nacida para amar" 6 88
1990 Azúcar Moreno Spanish "Bandido" 5 96
1991 Sergio Dalma Spanish "Bailar pegados" 4 119
1992 Serafín Zubiri Spanish "Todo esto es la música" 14 37
1993 Eva Santamaría Spanish "Hombres" 11 58
1994 Alejandro Abad Spanish "Ella no es ella" 18 17
1995 Anabel Conde Spanish "Vuelve conmigo" 2 119
1996 Antonio Carbonell Spanish "¡Ay, qué deseo!" 20 17 14 43
1997 Marcos Llunas Spanish "Sin rencor" 6 96 No semi-finals
1998 Mikel Herzog Spanish "¿Qué voy a hacer sin ti?" 16 21
1999 Lydia Spanish "No quiero escuchar" 23 1
2000 Serafín Zubiri Spanish "Colgado de un sueño" 18 18
2001 David Civera Spanish "Dile que la quiero" 6 76
2002 Rosa Spanish, English "Europe's Living a Celebration" 7 81
2003 Beth Spanish "Dime" 8 81
2004 Ramón Spanish "Para llenarme de ti" 10 87 Member of the "Big 4"
2005 Son de Sol Spanish "Brujería" 21 28
2006 Las Ketchup Spanish "Un Blodymary" 21 18
2007 D'NASH Spanish, English "I Love You Mi Vida" 20 43
2008 Rodolfo Chikilicuatre Spanish, English "Baila el Chiki-chiki" 16 55
2009 Soraya Arnelas Spanish, English "La noche es para mí" 24 23
2010 Daniel Diges Spanish "Algo pequeñito" 15 68
2011 Lucía Pérez Spanish "Que me quiten lo bailao" 23 50 Member of the "Big 5"
2012 Pastora Soler Spanish "Quédate conmigo" 10 97
2013 El Sueño de Morfeo Spanish "Contigo hasta el final" 25 8
2014 Ruth Lorenzo English, Spanish "Dancing in the Rain" 10 74
2015 Edurne Spanish "Amanecer" 21 15
2016 Barei English "Say Yay!" 22 77
2017 Manel Navarro Spanish, English "Do It for Your Lover" 26 5
2018 Alfred & Amaia Spanish "Tu canción"

Voting history

As of 2017, Spain's voting history is as follows:

Most points given in the grand finals only
Rank Country Points
1 Germany 190
2 Italy 185
3 Portugal 141
4 United Kingdom 133
5 Romania 128
6 Greece 127
7 Ireland 125
8 Sweden 121
9 France 113
10 Israel 98
11 Belgium 98
12 Netherlands 92
13 Denmark 80
14 Malta 77
15 Austria 69
16 Russia 63
17 Armenia 60
18 Ukraine 57
19 Turkey 53
20 Norway 52
21 Iceland 52
22 Luxembourg 51
23 Cyprus 47
24 Moldova 39
25 Bulgaria 38
26 Switzerland 36
27 Finland 35
28 Croatia 33
29 Serbia 33
30 Estonia 28
31 Australia 27
32 Latvia 25
33 Hungary 24
34 Monaco 17
35 Azerbaijan 16
36 Slovenia 15
37 Poland 13
38 Bosnia-Herzegovina 11
39 Lithuania 5
40 Slovakia 2
41 Georgia 1