|This page uses Creative Commons Licensed content from Wikipedia (view authors).|
|Eurovision Song Contest 1969|
|Final date||29 March 1969|
|Venue||Teatro Real, Madrid, Spain|
|Executive supervisor||Clifford Brown|
|Interval act||"La España diferente" film|
|Number of entries||16|
|Voting system||Each Country has 10 jury members who cast one vote for their favourite song|
"Un jour, un enfant"
"Boom Bang-a Bang"
|Eurovision Song Contest|
The Eurovision Song Contest 1969 was the 14th in the series. Four countries won the contest, the first time ever a tie-break situation had occurred. However, there was no rule at the time to cover such an eventuality, so all four countries were declared joint winners.
France's win was their fourth. thus making them the first country to win the contest four times. The Netherlands' win was their third while Spain and the United Kingdom each won for the second time. It was also the first time that any country (Spain, in this case) had a winning ESC entry two years in a row.
The venue selected to host the 1969 contest was the Teatro Real, an opera house located in Madrid. The theatre reopened in 1966 as a concert theatre and the main concert venue of the Spanish National Orchestra and the RTVE Symphony Orchestra. The final featured an onstage metal sculpture created by surrealist Spanish artist, Salvador Dalí.
The surrealist Spanish artist Salvador Dalí was responsible for designing the publicity material for the 1969 contest as well as the metal sculpture which was used on stage.
It was the first time that the contest resulted in a tie for first place, with four countries each gaining 18 votes. Since there was at the time no rule to cover such an eventuality, all four countries were declared joint winners. This caused an unfortunate problem concerning the medals due to be distributed to the winners as there were not enough to go round, so that only the singers received their medals on the night: the songwriters, to some disgruntlement, were not awarded theirs until after the date of the contest.
Had the later tie-break rule been in place (the country receiving the highest score from any other country, as used in 1991), the Netherlands would have won, having received 6 points from France. United Kingdom would then have been runner up, having received 5 points from Sweden. On the other hand, with the present tie-break rule been in place (i.e. the song receiving votes from the most countries, then the song receiving the most high votes in case of another tie), France would have been the overall winner, with Spain in 2nd place. Both countries received votes from 9 countries, but France received 4 points from 2 countries where as Spain received 3 points as their highest vote.
Further information: List of countries in the Eurovision Song Contest
Austria was absent from the contest, refusing to participate in a contest staged in Franco-ruled Spain. Wales wanted to debut with Welsh language broadcaster BBC Cymru, and also made a national selection called Cân i Gymru, but in the end it was decided they would not participate in the competition – their participation was rejected because Wales isn't a sovereign state. Only the BBC has the exclusive right to represent the United Kingdom.
Each performance had a conductor who led the orchestra. These are listed below.
|01||Yugoslavia||Ivan & 4M||"Pozdrav svijetu"||Croatian||13||5|
|04||Monaco||Jean Jacques||"Maman, Maman"||French||6||11|
|05||Ireland||Muriel Day & The Lindsays||"The Wages of Love"||English||7||10|
|06||Italy||Iva Zanicchi||"Due grosse lacrime bianche"||Italian||13||5|
|07||United Kingdom||Lulu||"Boom Bang-a-Bang"||English||1||18|
|08||The Netherlands||Lenny Kuhr||"De troubadour"||Dutch||1||18|
|09||Sweden||Tommy Körberg||"Judy, min vän"||Swedish||9||8|
|10||Belgium||Louis Neefs||"Jennifer Jennings"||Dutch||7||10|
|11||Switzerland||Paola Del Medico||"Bonjour, Bonjour"||German||5||13|
|12||Norway||Kirsti Sparboe||"Oj, oj, oj, så glad jeg skal bli"||Norwegian||16||1|
|14||France||Frida Boccara||"Un jour, un enfant"||French||1||18|
|15||Portugal||Simone de Oliveira||"Desfolhada portuguesa"||Portugese||15||4|
|16||Finland||Jarkko & Laura||"Kuin silloin ennen"||Finnish||12||6|
International broadcasts and voting
The table below shows the order in which votes were cast during the 1969 contest along with the spokesperson who was responsible for announcing the votes for their respective country. Each national broadcaster also sent a commentator to the contest, in order to provide coverage of the contest in their own native language. Details of the commentators and the broadcasting station for which they represented are also included in the table below.
|01||Yugoslavia||Gordana Bonetti||Miloje Orlović||Televizija Beograd|
|Mladen Delić||Televizija Zagreb|
|Tomaž Terček||Televizija Ljubljana|
|03||Spain||Ramón Rivera||José Luis Uribarri||TVE1|
|Miguel de los Santos||Primer Programa RNE|
|04||Monaco||TBC||Pierre Tchernia||Télé Monte Carlo|
|05||Ireland||John Skehan||Gay Byrne||RTÉ Television|
|Kevin Roche||Radio Éireann|
|06||Italy||Mike Bongiorno||Renato Tagliani||Secondo Programma|
|07||United Kingdom||Colin-Ward Lewis||David Gell and Michael Aspel||BBC 1|
|Pete Murray||BBC Radio 1|
|08||The Netherlands||Leo Nelissen||Pim Jacobs||Nederland 1|
|09||Sweden||Edvard Matz||Christina Hansegård||Sveriges Radio-TV and SR P3|
|10||Belgium||Ward Bogaert||Herman Verelst||BRT|
|11||Switzerland||Alexandre Burger||Theodor Haller||TV DRS|
|12||Norway||Janka Polanyi||Sverre Christophersen||NRK|
|Erik Heyerdahl||NRK P1|
|13||Germany||Hans-Otto Grünefeldt||Hans-Joachim Rauschenbach||ARD Deutsches Fernsehen|
|14||France||Jean-Claude Massoulier||Pierre Tchernia||Deuxième Chaîne ORTF|
|15||Portugal||Maria Manuela Furtado||Henrique Mendes||RTP1|
|16||Finland||Aarre Elo||Aarno Walli|| TV-ohjelma 1 and|
|-||Austria||(Non-participating country)||Emil Kollpacher||ORF|
|-||Brazil||(non-participating country)||TBC||TV Tupi|
|-||Chile||(non-participating country)||TBC||Canal 9|
|-||Czechoslovakia||(non-participating country)||TBC||Československá televize|
|-||East Germany||(non-participating country)||TBC||Deutscher Fernsehfunk|
|-||Soviet Union||(non-participating country)||TBC||CT USSR|